Technical Glossary

Glossary

Teflon tape

 Teflon tape is an adhesive and very resistant plastic material. It is used on cutting plotter to absorb the impact of the blade during cutting. By regularly changing your teflon tape, you can protect your plotter from possible scratches.

Hijack

Action of cutting out the contours of a logo or visual using a cutting plotter or roughly with scissors.

Digicoat

This product is presented in the form of a spray. It allows to make an object sublimable, that is to say customizable thanks to the sublimation technique, by bringing an invisible polyester layer, essential to the sublimationprocess.

Echeniller

Action of peeling off the adhesive part of the flex or vinyl that is not part of the cut-out visual: contours, inside of the letters, etc... Theweeding is done using a scaling pliers or a scaling hook.

Transport sheet

The transport sheet is used with the Cameo Silhouette Portrait & Silhouette leisure cutting plotters. Its surface is adhesive and holds the material to be cut. It is used as a support for making cuts on thin materials such as paper.

Flockage

Flocking is a textile personalisation technique, which consists in cutting a material called flex (smooth aspect) or flock (velvet aspect and touch), using a cutting plotter. The flex is an iron-on material that comes in the form of rolls. Once cut using cutting plotter, the flex is then heat-sealed onto the textile support (T-shirt) using heat press. To learn more about this technique, see our tutorial onFlockage.

Drive rollers

The rollers are located on the cutting plotters (two rollers per plotter). This is a small solid wheel that allows the flex to be driven and unrolled while keeping it straight. The rollers thus allow a precise and straight cut.

Insoler

Action which consists in engraving the visual of the type on the screen printing screen by exposing it to light. This operation can be carried out with natural sunlight or by using artificial light thanks to an insoleuse.

Colour chart

Display used to show the different colours of a product. The colour chart allows you to see the exact rendering of a colour, its appearance, its shine and its feel.

cutting plotter

A cutting plotter is a machine (also known as an output device) that allows you to cut adhesive materials in roll form, such as flex for textile marking or vinyl for all exterior surfaces (windows, cars, etc.).

Silkscreen printing

Screen printing is a very old printing and personalization technique derived from stencil. This technique requires a lot of material and therefore more space than the sublimation technique and is particularly suitable for manual workers. This technique is carried out by means of a screen printing screen which acts as a "stencil" between the ink and the support to be printed (T-shirt): the ink passes where the mesh is not blocked. This technique can be applied to all types of textiles: cotton, polyester, light and dark colours. It is perfectly suitable for large series. To learn more about this technique, see our tutorial on screen printing.

Sublimation

Sublimation is the simplest and most effective process for applying high quality photos or images to a wide variety of objects and textiles. It is a printing and personalisation technique, which requires specific inks and paper, as well as one or more hot presses depending on the media to be personalised.

Sublimation Polyester

Polyester sublimation is performed on objects or textiles that are white, or very light colours (pale pink, pale blue, ecru...). To perform polyester sublimation, you need Sublijet ink. Once the logo has been printed on the specific paper, hot pressing must be carried out. With the help of a press, under the effect of heat (180-200°C) and pressure, the ink gasifies and penetrates directly into the mesh of the textile or the polyester varnish of hard substrates. The projected ink cools down on contact with the transfer paper and becomes solid again. The image literally penetrates the surface of the article, resulting in a product that is perfectly homogeneous to the touch and a high quality image definition. This means that the image then becomes an integral part of the product and is not just affixed to it. To learn more about this technique, see our tutorial on polyester sublimation.

Sublimation Cotton

Cotton sublimation is a technique similar to polyester sublimation with the difference that it is not applied to objects made of cotton only. The ink does not penetrate the fibre as in polyester sublimation, but is deposited on the t-shirt, which leaves a slight thickness. For cotton sublimation, Chromoblast or Chromablast-R ink is required. Using an inkjet printer, the image or logo is printed on a specific paper suitable for sublimation, then transferred to the textile using a heat press. To learn more about this technique, see our tutorial on cotton subl imation.

Type

The tape comes in rolls, either in adhesive paper or adhesive film. It is used in signage to easily transfer a visual cut out of vinyl to an exterior surface such as a window or car body.

Transfer

The transfer technique consists of printing a visual or logo using a printer (laser or inkjet) and a sheet of paper specific to the transfer. Once printed, your visual, placed on your textile support in a heat press, will then be transferred under the action of pressure and heat to your T-shirt. To find out more about this technique, see our tutorial on Inkjet & Laser Transfer .

Typon

Transparent film used in screen printing on which a visual or pattern printed in opaque ink appears. The screen printing process then transfers the visual located on the type to the screen printing screen.